Even though, Tehran is not Iran, without this great metropolis, which is the crucial site of Iran’s transportation network. More than 40% of the nation’s economic activities occur in Tehran. It may not be understand fully the ever-changing Iran without Tehran because it is the mirror of Iran. People inhabit this young metropolis have come from all over the country with different beliefs, cultures, languages, and lifestyles and live in a national and international context together. It can be observed that modern societies are formed in large cities, and therefore, Iran’s future is being designed in Tehran.
The origin name of Tehran is mysterious. Tehran was famous as a village in the 9th century; however, was less recognized than the city of Rhages (Rey), which was growing near in the early era. Tehran was mentioned in a work by the Greek Theodosius. He declared Tehran as a suburb of Rey about 2000 years B.C. Perhaps Don Ruy Gonzáles de Clavijo, a Castilian ambassador, was the first European to go to see Tehran, stopping in July 1404, while on a journey to Samarkand (now in Uzbekistan), the capital of Timor. At that time, the city of Tehran was un-walled. In the early 18th century, Karim Khan Zand commanded the demand.
The best time to pay a visit to Tehran is when the average temperatures are at a suitable range (between 20°C / 68.0°F and 30°C / 86.0°F on average) which is during the months of May, June, August, and September. Conversely, July is also a good time to go to see; however, a little hotter at 30.4°C / 86.7°F on average. You might reflect to go to see Tehran during March, April, October, and November as well when the average temperatures are a little cooler. If you like cold weather, you might appreciate go to see Tehran during January, February, and December.
Another intertwined art with Persian culture that is worth mentioning is the art of cuisine. Persian dishes with herbs and spices are the result of the creativity, skill, and patience of many generations of cooks. It consist of a wide variety of dishes ranging from Chelow Kebab (rice served with roasted meat), Khoresht (stew served Iranian rice: Ghormeh Sabzi, Gheimeh, Fesenjān, and others), Āsh (a thick soup: for example Āsh-e anār), Kuku (vegetable soufflé), Polo (rice alone or with addition of meat and/or vegetables and herbs, with Loobia Polo, Albaloo Polo, Sabzi Polo, Zereshk Polo, Baghali Polo and others), and a diverse variety of salads, pastries. Specific drinks are related to different parts of Iran. The list of Persian recipes, appetizers, and desserts is extensive.
The main handicrafts pursued in the county are engraving on copper and brass, Khatam (inlaid), wood carvings and basket making, glassware, painted glass, ‘Zeelu’ or kind of carpet, leather paintings, carpet weaving, pottery making, weaving of mats, hand woven or knitted articles, batik purist, jajeem or loosely woven woolen cloth, Kilim or coarse carpet, satchel making, dyeing and weaving. Antiques can be obtained from Manuchehri Avenue, which forms the center for such articles. Handicraft centers are located on Taleqani Avenue and Ostad Nejatollahi Avenue. Carpets are available in Bazaar-e-Bozorg of Tehran and Ferdowsi Avenue. Books can be bought from shops opposite the University of Tehran.