Shiraz is the capital of Fars County (Old Persian as Pârsâ) and the fifth most crowded city of Iran. Shiraz is situated in the southwest of Iran on the (Roodkhaneye Khoshk: The Dry River) seasonal river. . It is built in a green plain at the foot of the Zagros Mountains 1500 meters (4900 feet) above sea level. Shiraz is 919 kilometers (571 mi) south of Tehran. For over a thousand years, it has been a regional trade center. Moreover, it is considered as one of the oldest cities of ancient Persia. The earliest reference to the city as Tiraziš is on Elamite clay tablets dated to 2000 BC. . It was the capital of Persia during the Zand dynasty from 1750 until 1800. In the 13th century, Shiraz developed to be a chief region of the arts and letters due to the encouragement of its ruler, Karim Khan Zand, and the presence of many Persian scholars and artists. The two rejoiced poets of Iran Hafez and Saadi are from Shiraz whose tombs are on the north side of the current city boundaries.
Shiraz. It is recognized as the city of poets, literature, wine, and flowers. It is also considered by many Iranians to be the city of gardens owing to the many gardens and fruit trees that can be observed in the city, for instance in Eram Garden. Shiraz has had major Jewish and Christian communities. The crafts of Shiraz comprise of inlaid mosaic work of triangular design, silverware pile, carpet weaving, and weaving of kilim called gilim and jajim in the villages and among the tribes. In Shiraz, industries likecement production sugar, fertilizers, textile goods, wood goods, metal works, and rugs are in dominance. Furthermore, Shirāz has a foremost oil refinery and is a chief focal point for Iran`s electronic industries: 53% of Iran’s electronic investment has been concentrated there. The first solar power plant is in Shiraz.
Shiraz is located in the south of Iran and the northwest of Fars County. It is built in a green plain at the foot of the Zagros Mountains 1500 meters (4900 feet) above sea level. Shiraz is 919 kilometers (571 mi) south of Tehran. Shiraz climate has distinctive seasons and is overall classified as a hot, semi-arid climate; however, it has only a little short hot Mediterranean climate summer. Summers are hot in July with average high of 38.8 °C (101.8 °F). Winters are cool with average low temperatures below freezing in December and January. Around 300 mm (12 in) of rain falls each year almost completely in the winter months, yet in some circumstances as much as this has rained in a single month (as in January 1965 and December 2004) whereas in the year from July 1965 to June 1966 as little as 82.9 millimeters (3.3 in) fell. The wettest year was 1955/1956 with as much as 857.2 millimeters (33.75 in) though as 1959 the highest has been around 590 millimeters (23.2 in) in each of 1995/1996 and 2004/2005.
Persepolis (Old Persian: Pārsa, Takht-e Jamshid or Chehel Minar) was the noble capital of the Achaemenid Empire (ca. 550-330BCE). Persepolis is located 70 km of northeast of the modern city of Shiraz in the Fars County of modern Iran. In contemporary Persian, the site is famous as Takht-e Jamshid (Throne of Jamshid). The earliest remains of Persepolis date from around 515 BCE. To the ancient Persians, the city was recognized as Pārsa, which connotes "The City of Persians". Persepolis is a paraphrase of the Greek Πέρσης πόλις (Persēs polis: "Persian city").
Iranians have a saying that every home must possess two issues: first the Quran, then Hafez. Hafez is a dominant Iranian poet. Almost every Iranian can recite his work, bending it to whichever social or personal influence they promise to do. Moreover, there is no better place to try to understand Hafez’s eternal hold on Iran than at Aramgah-e Hafez, his tomb. Set at the back of the ground of Hafez’s tomb is a teahouse that is a great place to relax with some live customary music and a cup of hot chai (tea).
The Aramgah-e Sa’di and its lavish surrounding gardens are suitable for a man who wrote so widely about gardens and roses. It’s a peaceful spot with the tombstone housed in an open-sided stone colonnade inscribed with various verses from Sa’di and a supporting tiled dome.
Rejoiced for its tall cypress trees, the charming Bagh-e Eram will amaze tourists of all ages with its fabulous settings and various flowers and trees. The garden is run by Shiraz University. The garden can be reached very easily by taking any shuttle taxi going along Zand towards the university.
Shiraz’s ancient transaction region is encompassed of several bazaars dating from different periods. The supreme and most eminent is the Bazar-e Vakil, a cruciform structure was ordered by Karim Khan as part of his plan to construct Shiraz into a great trading center. The wide vaulted brick avenues are masterpieces of Zand architecture, with the design certifying the interior stays cool in summer and warm in winter. Today, it is the home to almost 200 shops selling carpets, handicrafts, spices, and clothes and is one of the most imposing bazaars in Iran, uniquely in the early evening when it is extremely photogenic. Typically, it is best toured by strolling without concern for time or direction, absorbing in the climate in the maze of lanes guiding the main thoroughfares.
The attractive Masjid-e Vakil was initiated by Karim Khan and is the only major mosque remaining from the late Zand era. Moreover, its entrance to the bazaar, it has two massive iwans to the north and south, an outstanding inner courtyard enclosed by gorgeously tiled alcoves and porches, and a pleasantly balanced 75m-by-36m vaulted prayer hall strengthened by 48 engraved post s. Inside the prayer hall are an imposing mihrab and 14-step marble minbar, engraved from a monolith transported all the way from Azerbaijan. Much of the tiling, with its chiefly floral themes and arabesques, was appended in the early Qajar era.
Kalampolo is one of the local cooking in Shiraz, which people all over Iran recognize and prepare. It is prepared from lunberries, rice, onions, minced meat, chickpeas and vegetable flour (dill, turkey, basil and tarragon). This food has very high nutritional value too, and it is very nutritious. Shirazies eat this food with herbs.
Shirazi plum shop
Plum blossom is another local cookery of Shiraz, which is prepared of potatoes, hot onions, tomatoes, tomato paste and spices. The Shirazies peel and chop the potatoes and combine it with hot onion, tomatoes or tomato paste after preparing. Some also prepare two chops with meat. This meal is one of the fastest dishes in Shiraz. This food is well liked among the Shirazi. If you travel to Shiraz, ensure you try this food.
The people of Shiraz cook and love a lot of sweet foods due to their region’s climate. Sugarplough is also one of the sweetest foods in Shiraz, and those who are fond of sweet foods can taste this dish in Shiraz. The rice, sugar, saffron and peanut butter and peanut butter are used in this meal.
Ghormeh is also one of the most appealing cooking of Shirazi. As said, people in this area prepare many sweet dishes according to their climate. They use meat, sugar, saffron, onion and spice in the gourmet. If you also think this food is your taste, ensure you have a series to Shiraz.
Chicken peas is the dish related to Shiraz and are prepared from meat, peas, potatoes, onions, salt and turmeric. In most parts of Iran, they are cooking broth chickens in this way.
Pullo Shirazi Beans
We Iranians often make beans Pullo with green beans but Shirazies instead use cowpea. It is the local cuisine of Shiraz and is prepared from rice, cowpea, dill, saffron, thyme, salt and pepper and served with chicken or minced meat.
Rob Pullo is also one of the Shirazi that is prepared without the need for meat. In this meal, rice, pomegranate, walnut, raisin, sugar and onion are utilized. The presence of pomegranate and walnut paste in this food has improved its nutritional value and, while being simple, provides the body with the necessary ingredients. In Shiraz, these meals will be served with salad Shirazi or herbs.
Shirazi Pullo is one of the few Shirazi dishes that few people may like. This appealing dish is prepared from rice, chicken, eggplant, saffron, yogurt, barberry, salt and pepper. I would advise you to have this meal if you went to Shiraz.
Slab water or Ascan Shirazi
It is prepared all over Iran, however, everywhere in a different way. It is the part of local cooking of Shiraz, and the old ones of the city still make it. In this meal, they use onions, eggs, fenugreek leaves, dry mint, salt and turmeric.
In the Azerbaijani region, carrot is the main ingredient; however, it differs from carrot pullo of Shirazi in which plum is used instead, and it is considered one of the sweet dishes of this city. In Shirazi plum, rice, sugar, minced meat, saffron, onions, cinnamon and salt are prepared and has very pleasant flavor.
Pesto peach is another local dish of Shiraz that you will not find elsewhere. Minced meat, chickpea flour, eggs, onions, carrots or narcissus is the ingredients. Combine them together and divide it in the size of a peach. Put some fried onions or raisins in the middle of it and make them in the form of small balls. These small meatballs are first fried and finally cooked in boiling hot water.
Dumplings have different types, but they are cooked with lentils and cabbage in Shiraz. In this meal, Chickpeas, lentils, onions, carrots, tarragon, dill, basil, salt and turmeric are utilized. This food is very nutritious and those who are not interested in meat dishes, this meal can be a good option when traveling to Shiraz.
Kobest Sabzi Shirazi
Vegetable dumplings are also another local dessert in Shiraz. They are made of minced meat, onions, peas and vegetables, and the size is about the size of an orange.
The city’s handicrafts are among the most well-known Iranian souvenirs. Khatam Kari is the art of engraving pieces of wood, bone, and even metals like gold in unique geometric designs. Another customary trade in Shiraz is silversmithing in which plates of silver are utilized to create decorative dishes, vases, cups and other household articles. These and other handicrafts can be found in Shiraz’s outstanding Vakil Bazaar. Masghati is a sweet prepared of rose water, starch, and sugar, which can be obtained in most confectionaries in the city. Together with Faloodeh, a long-established Shirazi dessert, it is one of the most appealing Iranian delicacies.