Abyaneh village is situated forty km of Natanz in Isfahan County and is on the slopes of Mount Karkas. It is one of the most extraordinary villages because of its historical buildings. Abyaneh has pleasant weather and agreeable natural location. In Safavid era when the Safavid kings moved to Natanz in summer, many relatives and courtiers favored to reside in Abyaneh. Abyaneh is called Viuna in the local language. However, the name of Viuna gradually changed to Avianeh and later to Abyaneh. (Vi) connotes willow and Vianeh connotes willowy. Abyaneh was a willowy in the past. Houses in Abyaneh are wholly based on the mountain slopes in the north of the river Borzrud. They are created in such a way that the flat roofs of lower houses are the yard for the upper ones and no walls surround them. Consequently, Abyaneh village in the first place, appears a multi- storey village and even in some parts, it has four storeys. The rooms of houses are equipped with sash windows, often with a porch and wood patio overlooking the narrow streets that prepared remarkable and indulges scenery. The exterior frontage of walls is protected with red soil, mined near the village. The construction of houses is "spiral-shaped" related to the three periods of Seljuk, Safavid and Qajar and there is no blind alley. The steep mountain joins houses and gardens, from north to south and vice versa, .The lanes are narrow and winding in order to break the wind. This red soil utilized in the house construction has a feature of getting harder and harder when it rains. Through ages, Abyanehies have become as patient as the mountains despite the inflow of inflow like earthquakes and floods and preserved their buildings style, with fancy to the custom and architecture of their ancestors. As in the steep slopes of Abyaneh village, there is no enough space to build the required storage rooms; it is customary in the village that each family creates caves in the hills, one kilometer away from the village, along the road near Abyaneh. These caves were excavated in the hills and from the outside, only doors can be observed and are for keeping livestock and winter supplies and unnecessary materials.
The Abyanehies’ life is based on the agriculture and livestock and are still employing their old-fashioned ways and means. More women than men take part in economic matters. Abyaneh has seven aqueducts to irrigate the fields and gardens. Wheat, barley, potatoes and fruits, uniquely apples, plums, pears, apricots, almonds and walnuts are harvested in Abyaneh. Recently, carpet has become widespread and almost 30 workshops were created. Old-fashioned shoe weaving was a customary job for women, which is today abandoned.
Abyanehies upheld many of their ethnic customs and customs plus language and their ancient dialect because of the mountainous region and its location away from population centers and roads. The language of Abyanehies is of Iranian languages of northwest. It is greatly changed through ages and now only a few of Pahlavi original words can be heard in their dialect. The old-fashioned costume of Abyaneh is still customary among its people and they show a narrow-mindedness to keep them. The men put on long baggy trousers of black cloth and women put on long and colorful floral fabrics. Additionally, women usually put on customary white scarfs.
This mosque is situated in “Miyundeh” area of Abyaneh and has two chambers. The old chamber leads to the major alley through a short door. Its floor is wooden and in the southern wall of the chamber, there is an old wooden altar, which is among the most significant monuments of Abyaneh and the date of its construction goes back to 477 AH. Plants and flowers are engraved on this altar, some verses of Quran is engraved in it with stamped Kufic lines, and some believe it to be the cuneiform. The mosque has wooden pulpit belonging to the Seljuk era and its construction dates back to 466. AH. On the pulpit, there are floral themes and Kufic inscriptions. The entrance of the mosque is also engraved with flowers, bushes and stamped lines. The new chamber of the mosque is a large hall, which has an outlet in the ceiling in its central part. There are poles in the hall with engraved capitals. The ceiling of this hall is protected with walnut wood framed with a regular geometric pattern and there are inscriptions from Quran on that.
Abyaneh Fire Temple
This fire sanctuary is the most seasoned landmark of Abyaneh. It may be a sample of Zoroastrian fire sanctuaries built within the mountainous communities. The fire sanctuary is built in four-vaulted fashion within the district of Miyandeh and is called Harpak.
Abyaneh has three castles, which are found within the southwest and belong to Yusmun area. This castle is built around 200 a long time prior and the report for its development is additionally accessible. Hadeh castle which is in northeast of the town, has a place to the area of Hardeh. Paleh, which is within the northwest of the town, has a place to the locale of Pol. These castles go back to the period of radical and individuals built them to preserve their possess security and they were watchful in these castles in turn.