Abarkouh (Abarqu), a city in Yazd Territory, is situated in transit of Yazd - Eghlid – Yasouj expressway. Regarding topography, this antiquated traveler town is arranged between three recorded urban communities of Isfahan, Yazd and Shiraz, as it is roughly amidst a triangle. Abarkouh is situated in the southwest of Taft and Yazd territory with an estimated region of 5641 km. Subsequent to riding 2 hours through Yazd Street and on the curving course among the mountains; you will get to a city that its kin demand to call their city "Abarkouh" not "Abarqu". An unbelievable city with various exquisite mud houses and a relic of in any event 4,000 years, which was previously the intersection of the Silk Street. At first look, this city may not appear to be exceptionally noteworthy, yet a little outing to the city is sufficient to review the lost radiant and flourishing days of this town and you will surely experience individuals with most extreme benevolence. The epithet of the name of this town is because of its circumstance at the foot of the mountain. Bedouins did likewise with a ton of names, as changed Abarkouh to Abarqu. Concerning the relic of Abarkouh, everything is blended with legend. The old cypress of Abarkouh, which is viewed as the world's most seasoned living being, takes the hypothesis to 4 or 5 thousand years back. The Russian Alexandrov accepts that the thick trunks and branches are at any rate 4,000 years of age; however, Andrea Godar evaluated its age as 5 thousand years and another Japanese paleontologist realizes that it will generally be eight thousands.
With respect to creation and relic of this city, there are a few stories that have no legitimate logical reference yet the incredible artifact of this town can be acknowledged by its residual landmarks. Its precise date ought to be looked for in the dispersed compositions of Alexander who decided current Yazd as a jail (i.e., when he established Yazd), he sent specialists to "Beam" to bring him tributes from the conditions of Abarqu, Isfahan, Istakhr and Qom. In the event that it is valid, at that point the artifact of Abarkouh is not just more than Yazd, yet in addition equivalent and even in a similar classification with the urban communities of Isfahan and Istakhr. Abarkouh town and its neighboring towns were by the method for Silk Street previously. In the event that there was infrequent notice of Abarkouh in the hundreds of years when Islam, it was because of its circumstance at the cross of the streets which originated from the east and prompted the west and furthermore the route from the south gone along with it. Lords and rulers utilized this city both when Islam at their battle, they passed it or halted for a few days including Shah Abbas who manufactured various caravanserais en route in this locale for the remainder of explorers.
Abarkouh has hot and dry desert climate . The climate of this city as a rule scale, has the attributes of desert arrives in Iran's level. From its highlights are low rainfalls, high warmth plentifulness and dry spell. The most astounding normal temperature is for June, July, August and September, and these 4 months are moderately not the same as different months of the year regarding temperature. The long periods of December, January and February, are the coolest months of the year. The most astounding temperature was recorded 39.1 ° C in August and the least temperature in January and February is 4.0 ° C. The most noteworthy month-to-month precipitation is for February and April between 15.5 - 12 mm and the breeze heading is frequently northwest southeast.
Abarkouh Desert in Yazd region is situated at 20 kilometers east of the city of Abarkouh. It has an oval shape with the extent of North-South. Its huge width and little distance across are around 50 km and 35 km separately. A great part of the desert is enclosed with salt or dissipated sinking. The desert of Abarkouh acquires its principle water from two streams in the northwestern edge or from different waterways in the southeastern edge. What makes Abarkouh desert not quite the same as numerous different locales of the nation is the stream of Kasehroud, one of the most delightful common attractions with various possibilities whereupon they laid the name of the gems of desert.
Abarkouh individuals talk in Persian with the basic dialect of their area and have saved numerous delightful words and blends of Persian.
"Cypress of 4,000 and 500 years of age '', ''Iran's second most established living being", "The second Iran's regular landmark enrolled in the National Legacy Rundown", are only a few significant titles of the old cypress of Abarkouh which can acquaint it with the world as a normal marvel in Yazd and in the city of Abarkouh. "Abarkouh Cypress" is known as "Parsik”, is situated in the southwest piece of the city of Abarkouh, and has allowed notoriety and verifiable significance to the city. This tree has a trunk with a measurement of about 4.5 meters, the storage compartment periphery spans to eleven and a half meters, together with branches with a distance across of 1.85 mm and a tallness of 35 meters. The old Cypress of Abarkouh has the Old Persian name of "Zarbin" and the logical name of «Cupresus Sempervirens Var. flat » and is situated in the ensured territory in the town of Abarkouh. After the summit of Damavand in Tehran, it is considered as the second biggest common marvel enlisted in the National Legacy Rundown. There are cited legends and anecdotes about the history and relic of this cypress that frequently have no legitimate logical reference record, yet some chronicled proof can be found in the dissipated works. A few evaluations are logical yet the greater part of the fantasies are not near the truth. A few students of history accept that this tree is planted in the present area by "Japheth", “the Prophet Noah’s son “after the popular storm.
This mosque, which is situated between the old, and new city, goes back to the Mongols era. Jame mosque of Abarkouh is situated alongside the primary square. The fundamental constructional material executed in this structure is adobe. This mosque has four patios with a yard amidst it. The passageway of the mosque is opened toward the north and is associated with the yard with an octagonal vestibule. At the passageway, you can discover it has a place with the fourth century AH and maybe prior. During Ilkhanid period, it was transformed into this structure and a few sections were added to it in Timurid and Safavid periods. The works going from pre-Islamic period to 13th and 14th centuries AH can be detected in this building. The mosque entry is of huge altitude, there exists a chamber in its south with nice arches that possess graceful tile works. In this mosque, different types of Arabesque themes and Kufic inscriptions are implemented. From the other four altars, three are made of marble and lime stones and the last one is made from simple tiles. The stucco altar of this mosque can exclusively signify the brilliance and splendor of the architecture during Ilkhanid era.
This high landmark laid over the rough heap of the city of Abarkouh, has such an exquisite basic engineering that pulls in any watchers. It is a consistent vault over a high mountain from where you can watch the authentic city of Abarkouh, a spot you can see its magnificence and innovation just once you are there. The octagonal arch, which is considered as the most seasoned and most grounded landmark of this city, is the tomb "Amir Trick’s al-Clamor al-Doleh" which was worked in the eighth century AH on the requests of Firuzan. The divider and roof of this landmark is of white stone and mortar. This block arch is enclosed by sensitive stone cuttings and has a Kufic engraving on which the name of the proprietor of the tomb is cut and the date of development of the structure is composed, the year 844 AH.
House of Aghazadeh
Place of Aghazadeh and its ventilator, which goes back to the Qajar era, has been enrolled as one of the national landmarks. This house had a place with Seyed Hossein Abarquei, one of the prosperous individuals of Abarkouh and spreads a zone of 820 square meters. The house is situated in the old surface of the city and comprises exceptional compositional components. The south rooms are crossed-molded and a huge stone pool is found amidst the focal patio. The house is worked such that their occupants can settle in its different parts as indicated by the diverse regular climatic conditions. The ventilator of this house is viewed as one of the most excellent and unique ones in Abarkouh with a zone of 18 square meters and there are 19 air directing valves at its opening, this ventilator can manage air notwithstanding when it doesn't blow and not at all like the vast majority of the ventilators are in two stories. Its structure has decent tile works and is planned with the goal that the light is simpler to go into and the house looks more brilliant.
The minaret of Nezamieh Mosque
The historical landmark that is situated in the city of Abarkouh is worked in the year 718 AH. It is the remaining parts of the passage of Nezamieh mosque. The structure comprises of two high block minarets laid over a high gateway. All the eastern parts were once secured with tiles and bright mosaics secured the whole minarets. Today, the correct minaret has been occupied from the vertical bearing. It is stated, there were additionally mosque, bazaar and school around there. This landmark is identified with Nezamolmolk Abarkuhi whose son was a researcher and a scientist of the eighth century.
The Historical House of Sowlat
Sowlat House, which goes back to the Qajar era, is enrolled in the rundown of Iran's national landmarks. The zone of this house is around 1,000 square meters, 150 meters of which is the focal patio circled by a chateau in two or now and again three stories. The most significant element is the exquisite mortar segments, with productive arabesque themes, for example, blooms and bushes. This house has a high gateway with pleasant stucco works and mosaics. Through the passageway, you achieve a hall that prompts the primary gateway or more that, there is a high pinnacle. The Historical center of Human studies of Abarkouh is built up in this landmark and the accumulation of issues showed in this gallery surpasses 525 items. The works showed in Exhibition hall of Human studies incorporate rifles, guns, old archives, and normal coins of Iran, objects of archeological unearthing’s, enhancing objects, original copies, farming instruments, washroom and lighting gear, etc. The most established thing of this gallery goes back to the start of Islam and the others have a place with various Islamic times particularly Ilkhanid, Safavid and Qajar.